“Birds are an important part of the ecosystem that sustains us,” says Urban Nature Director Amir Balaban of the Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel (SPNI).
“As they move around, they pollinate plants, disperse seeds and control invertebrates,” he says. “They are pretty to watch and beautiful to listen to, so they are important also for our mental health.”
Balaban, a noted wildlife artist/photographer, helped found two urban wildlife sites in Jerusalem: the Nili & David Jerusalem Bird Observatory and Gazelle Valley Park.
No matter where you live — a farm, a suburban house, a city skyscraper or anywhere else — you can mitigate humanity’s impact on the environment by choosing a spot for nurturing nature, he says.
A windowsill, balcony, rooftop, backyard, or garden tended by your community, school or workplace will do. All it needs is a source of water and a mosaic of biodiverse plants native to the location.
Birds can be your barometer to measure the success of your efforts.
“The type and number of birds we have indicates if our habitat is balanced and in good condition,” Balaban tells ISRAEL21c.
Survey the birds in your habitat
If you live in North America and most of the birds in your designated nature space are house sparrows, starlings and pigeons, your habitat is missing the mark, says Balaban. The appearance of birds like cardinals, dark-eyed juncos and ruby-throated hummingbirds indicate you’re on the right track.
In England, ringneck parakeets and feral pigeons indicate a poor habitat, while birds such as robins, dunnocks, hedge sparrows and goldfinches show you’ve got a good thing going.
In Israel, hooded crows and mourning doves are not the ideal bird species you want in your habitat. You’ll know you got the balance right when you see local specialized species, for instance Sardinian warblers and yellow-vented bulbuls.
“Nature speaks to us with signs. And one of the best visible signs is birds,” says Balaban.
4 ways to welcome and protect local birds
The “carrying capacity” (average population) of local birds in your designated nature area depends on whether they can find adequate food, shelter, water and mates.
Here are some tips from Balaban to accomplish that.
Install “biological furniture” for birds’ comfort
A pond, a stick pile, a bug hotel, or an array of nesting boxes are examples of biological furniture that will make birds feel welcome in your garden.
Bird feeders, Balaban says, “are a kind of intervention as a last resort. When used, they must be well maintained, clean and safe from predators.”
Share edible plants
Choose native varieties of fruit-bearing trees and bushes for your space based on what you like to eat. But be sure to share the bounty with birds by leaving some of the fruit unpicked. Unless you’re running a commercial farm, you will have plenty for yourself and your feathered friends.
Protect existing bird habitats
In addition to setting up your own natural habitat, find a birding site near your home or workplace and take part in community activities there.
“There are many sites all over the world where people do this, in small wetlands or woodlands or meadows,” says Balaban. “If the site is under threat, your community can make a big difference by working to protect these habitats.”
Join local wildlife conservation organizations
Larger organized efforts make a positive difference for birds, says Balaban.
In the United States, you can join the Audubon Society; in England, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB); and in Israel, SPNI.
But you don’t have to live in Israel to help protect its birds. “People can sponsor specific projects in bird conservation,” says Balaban.
These conservation projects take place at sites such as the Jerusalem Bird Observatory, International Birding and Research Center in Eilat, Jordan Valley Birding Center in Kfar Ruppin, Ramat HaNegev Birding Center at Midreshet Ben-Gurion, and Kibbutz Ma’agen Michael near Haifa.
This story was provided to Newsweek by Zenger News.